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Home : Trade Secrets Archive : Issue 138, Unusual transplant: 12-string guitar tuners save a mandolin
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12-string guitar tuners
saved this Martin mandolin

Erick Coleman, April 28, 2011
This 1950s Martin A-style mandolin recently came into our shop for a tuneup, presenting an oddball repair challenge.
Photo: At age 60-plus, this mandolin was still in good shape, but its tuners weren’t working well, which is usually the case with such old machines.
After taking them apart and cleaning the pieces, we lubed them with a small dash of Tri-Flow. That helped, but they still didn't work smoothly enough to rely on in a performance. New tuners were needed.
So here was a puzzle. The spacing between string posts on these tuners was .922" — unusual for a mandolin. We now carry replica tuners with the perfect look, but they don’t have this oddball post spacing and the slightest mismatch between posts and holes prevents a tuner from working smoothly.
Maybe these tuners were exclusive to Martin, or maybe Martin took whatever the tuner manufacturers offered. In any case, we didn't have a replacement, and a web search turned up no modern replacements that would fit.
My shopmate Gene noticed our 12-string tuners had this same .922" post spacing. Gene suggested we perform a transplant.
Luthier's Digital Caliper
The 12-string tuner screw holes lined up with the holes in the peghead, too! And the string posts were plain and straight like the mando tuners (it’s just that there were too many of them).
If we were to chop off two of the gears, these guitar tuners would fit this mandolin perfectly. An excellent solution!
Next to each string post hole you see a pair of small gouges to accommodate protrusions on the bottoms of the old tuners. The new tuners don’t have these protrusions, but they neatly cover up these scars.
Golden Age Restoration Tuners for 12-string
NEW!
Golden Age A-style Mandolin Tuners
are designed for vintage-
style mandolins. Improve your
tuning without giving up authentic
looks
. Bright finish, or relic.
Take a look at all 6 varieties.
Gauged Saws
I removed the posts and scribed a line where I wanted to make my cut, then used a .015" gauged saw to cut through the plate.
3-Corner Fret Dressing Files
I then followed up with a 3 corner file to smooth out the edges, then re-assembled them for their new life as mandolin machines.
Peghole Reamers
The diameter of the new posts was about .005" larger than the old, so the pegholes needed to be reamed just the slightest bit — about half a turn with our standard size reamer. This was quick and easy, and the result was invisible. (Martin hadn't installed peghead bushings, so there was no problem with a mismatch between post and bushing.)
The screws fit the old holes — no need to plug and drill new holes. Easy!
This old Martin’s back in business and staying in tune better than ever. I’ve got to hand it to Gene for his resourceful thinking on this project. A tuner transplant — why didn't I think of that?!

Problem-solving products for this kind of work:
Golden Age Restoration Tuners for 12-string
Antiqued reproductions improve the tuning of Stella, Martin and similar vintage 12-string guitars.
Tri-Flow
Luthiers' favorite for lubricating tuners, tools and metal guitar hardware.
Luthier's Digital Caliper
Precision caliper measures fret height before AND after fret installation.
More More More
Peghole Reamers
Get accurate, round holes with these professional reamers.
Gauged Saws
These low-profile saws are available in five different cutting widths, and include super-thin .010" blade.
3-Corner Fret Dressing Files
Specially made for traditional fret crowning and shaping.
More More More

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